The famous Shimoni Caves in Kwale district. Former slave holding den that was part of the East African slave trade controlled by the Sultan of of Zanzibar. Located in Shimoni, Kenya, the Shimoni Caves are a network of man-made limestone caves that were dug out by slaves as hiding places from the British during the Second Anglo-Afghan War. The caves were also used as a base for smuggling goods between Africa and Asia. Today, the caves are a popular tourist attraction and offer visitors a glimpse into the area’s history.