Maasai boy tending to his cattle

Cattle hold immense significance in Maasai culture, serving as a source of sustenance, wealth, and social standing. They are not only viewed as a divine gift from God but also possess spiritual importance. While men are entrusted with herding duties, women take charge of milking and nurturing the young ones. Maasai society is predominantly patriarchal, with men assuming decision-making roles; nevertheless, women’s contributions are highly esteemed. Women shoulder responsibilities like child-rearing, household management, and construction and upkeep of their family’s abode. The Maasai follow monotheism and worship Enkai as their supreme deity who is believed to have created the world and all living beings. Furthermore, they maintain a strong belief in the enduring connection between the living and deceased ancestors who watch over them and offer guidance. Tradition and ritual form an integral part of Maasai culture with various ceremonies commemorating significant life milestones such as birth, circumcision, marriage, and death. Among these ceremonies stands out the renowned Eunoto – a vibrant jumping dance performed by young men to showcase their physical prowess and agility. Despite encountering numerous hardships like land displacement, droughts, and conflicts in recent times, the Maasai people have admirably preserved their distinctive culture and customs.